The Elements of Art

In order to understand any field, it’s important to have a solid foundation from which to grow. For visual art, this means understanding the elements of art.

Line, color, shape, form, value, space, and texture are the seven core elements of art and they often overlap and inform one another. Whether talking about drawing, painting, sculpture, or design, these components of art all need to be taken into consideration.

What are the seven elements of art?


What Are the 7 Elements of Art?
Stock Photos from Rabbit Run 11/Shutterstock

These marks span a distance between two points and can be straight or curved. In visual art, lines don’t only need to be made with marks and outlines. They can also be implied or abstract. Whether two-dimensional or three-dimensional, there’s no denying that lines have a huge impact on the rest of the elements of art. They can be used to create shape and form, as well as give a sense of depth and structure. Lines are the foundation of drawing and are a powerful tool unto themselves. Using different types of lines—continuous, broken, vertical, jagged, horizontal—drastically changes the psychology of an artwork, impacting the viewer greatly.

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Tutorial: Razvan’s gesture drawing technique

Step 1:

I start off my gesture with a rough line showing the main action of the figure, from the head throught the torso down the legs. Pretty much everything else that comes after that is based off of this line.I would say typically the line of action tends to follow the centerline of the torso but, depending on the pose, not all the time. I follow that line with another line representing the arms. I feel that most figure’s gestures can be described with pretty much 2 lines. I also feel that those 2 lines are basically extreme shorthand versions of your initial impressions of what the figure is doing.

At this stage, things are obviously very abstract. I’m only conerned with trying to convey the figure’s action, I’m not thinking about anatomy and form.
I break my own rule a bit and add another line implying the figure’s lifted right leg. This line helps me visualize the left side compression of the torso and the stretching on the right side.

Step 2:

At this stage, I’m just working out the forms (still not being concerned with anatomy) and just trying to get it to look like the figure. I use an overhand grip for the early stages of a drawing. The process at this stage could be described as ice skating on paper because thats almost what it feels like. This is probably about how far I would take things in a 1 minute pose.

Step 3:

You can kind of make out construction lines and a bit of anatomy at this stage. Im still using the same drawing method as the previous stage…using the underhand grip and zipping my way through the figure. This is probably about a 2 minute pose for me.

Step 4:

I change my grip to my usual drawing grip and start refining the figure and try to fully realize the anatomy. I do this by using simple shapes and anatomy landmarks. You can see I’m really striving to emphasize the twist of the torso here. As well as get the structure of the head, hands and feet.

In my opinion, this stage is kind of past the point of it being a gesture drawing. This might be the early stages of an anatomy study or an underdrawing for a finished piece. With that said, I can see this figure being the starting point to a superhero type character or maybe some kind of cyberpunk riding a hoverboard or whatever. You can change and alter this to whatever you want to.

Step 5:

To illustrate my previous point I add a few fantasy elements to the figure. He could be a warrior type leaping and attacking a large creature or a group of warriors. I’m sure most of us are familar with this type of scenario.

Step 6:

I add a lightsource and do a bit of rendering. I want to add that I’m generally aware of the lighting going on when I’m doing these but, it doesnt really factor into my gesture drawing process very much. However, there are instances(most of the time during life drawing classes) where I will see a cast shadow that does a great job of describing the form underneath and I’d draw that on the figure. Those instances tend to be during 2 and 5 minute poses though.

I’m also aware of the negative space and will use it sometimes as a place holder as im zipping through the figure. I would do this type of thing once I have my main lines of action drawn. I find it can be easier drawing the shape of the space between the legs for example than drawing out the legs themselves. I find this technique pretty useful, particularly when I’m doing timed poses. Once you’re proficient enough with the figure, you could literally construct a figure using nothing but negative space, it’s actually pretty cool.

Tutorial: Razvan’s gesture drawing technique 09 / 03 / 2014

Hey guys,

A while back I asked up-and-coming artist Razvan to make a walkthrough of his technique and provide some tips on how he handles gesture drawing. So here it is, enjoy !

1st step: Getting the gesture of the figure:

First start with the overall gesture of the figure. In this step don’t worry so much about proportions and anatomy, and focus on getting the figure some flow and movement. I first start with the bean and find the center line on the torso and pelvis. Then I place some gesture lines for the legs and hands. I try to avoid placing straight lines for the feet and hands and exagerate the pose a bit because it’s going to stiffen up as you go further with it.

razvan progress 1

2nd step: Refining the base

In this step I try and fill out the anatomy with simple shapes and I also take the time to measure out the proportions and see where they should be in realation to other body parts. I measure how far down and up the elbows go, how wide his shoulders are comparred to his torso, etc.

razvan progress 1
razvan progress 1

3rd step: Final refinements & rendering

I just try and render out the anatomy best as I can, but still have a lot to learn here. Anatomy studies help a lot, for example knowing the layering order of the muscles, the pectoralis major is over the biceps and the deltoid comes over both of them.

You can check out Razvan’s work on

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Figure Drawing I

Sensitive Content Warning: Areas of the human body have been obscured. However, please keep in mind that we are working with the human figure.

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Everyday Objects to Imaginary Constructs

Behind the Scenes of Star Wars Episode I: Using Inspiration of one object to create another.

In this assignment, we will be exploring inspiration. In this particular project, we will explore this in a straightforward manner – taking the shape of one object and translating it to an imaginary construct.

Let’s watch the above video. Mainly from the 1:16min point onward. It shows an illustrator drawing an imaginary “robot.” His inspiration is the top of a spray bottle

Here are a few examples:

Part 1 – Due Date: See D2L

Eric Geusz
Eric Geusz

Part 2 – Due Date: See D2L

Shapes, forms, and nature that inspired Jorn Utzon: Sydney Opera House
Anna Pustovaya


  • Create four quadrants on four pages of your sketchbook
  • Find an object(s) that you think might inspire you to create a drawing
  • Within each quadrant create curves, lines, and doodles to develop a visual vocabulary to use later
  • Begin creating thumbnail sketches based of your “model, line/forms and sketches
  • Due date is TBD. Most if not all work will be completed in class.

Let’s enjoy ourselves!

Warning: Do bring sharp or dangerous objects to class! Safety First!

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Cuboid Project – Midterm


Hello class,

Please review this revised blog entry concerning the midterm. I added images and drawings to illustrate the kind of constructs I’m looking for.

Remember. You can be as simple or complex as you feel comfortable with. Just clear it with me.



Utilizing your knowledge of one, two, and three-point perspective, draw a “construct” using only “cuboids” or simply box-shaped objects. Make “thumbnail” sketches to get an idea of what your composition will be like. Use an entire page in your sketchbook when you are ready to create the final drawing. Due: TBA.

Your construct can be as simple or as complex as you wish.

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is fa8bd21dd2f2f92fd69b37114e3f3805.jpg
Abstract “Block” Composition using two-point perspective
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Additional Supplies and Final Artwork

Again, I’m sorry for having missed class today. September 25th, 2019.

I would like the class to begin production on finished pictures. I am recommending an 11×14 pad. It is bigger than what most of you are currently using.

Here is a good example of the type of pad I’m looking for:

Strathmore (400-5) STR-400-5 24 Sheet No.80 Drawing Pad, 11 by 14″, 11″x14″, Cream

It’s only 25 sheets, so all test, sketches and doodles should be completed in your sketchbook.

I will have 2 Assignments for you to pick from for the midterm. I will give a brief lecture regarding these two projects.

We have a lot to get accomplished but I think there will be plenty of time to get some finished work completed.

Optional Supplies: Here is a link to some affordable colored pencils:

Get the 9.99$ version. The most expensive option is colored pencils for watercolor. We don’t need that. 



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Class Cancelled: September 25th, 2019

Class is Cancelled today. Please bring all of your props for the personal still life project on Monday.

I will be sending an email to all of you later today detailing supplies you will need for the midterm.




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